Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign country located in the northwestern region of South America, which is constituted as a unitary, social and democratic state of law whose form of government is presidential. It is a politically organized republic in 32 decentralized departments and the capital District of Bogotá, seat of the national government
Exploring Colombian Culture
The Colombian culture is formed from the inheritance of the indigenous peoples present in the territory since ancient times, the Spanish traditions adopted during the colonial era and the African customs incorporated by the slaves brought by the conquistadors. This mixture of cultures constitutes a society with features common to the rest of Latin American countries but, at the same time, very different too.
In fact, even within the Colombian territory there are many differences between regions. Geographical diversity – can be found from tropical beaches to mountains over 5,000 meters high with perpetual snow – and the natural isolation of some areas have led to this diversity.
Some of the most outstanding cultural groups according to their location are the so-called cachacos, located in the cundiboyacense highlands; the paisas, settled in Antioquia; the llaneros, settlers of the Eastern Plains; the Vallon, settled in the area of the Cauca Valley; the costeños, inhabitants of the Caribbean coast, and the santandereanos, residents of the departments of Santander and Norte de Santander.
All these groups are characterized by showing great cultural differences among themselves, which makes Colombia a fascinating country to know and get into the day to day life of its inhabitants.
Exploring Colombian Gastronomy
Gastronomy is one more expression of this diversity with certain features common to the entire territory. Corn is one of the fundamental ingredients of Colombian cuisine due to indigenous heritage. The arepas, cornmeal cakes, are one of the best known dishes, both inside and outside their borders. Fruits also have an important presence in the diet of Colombians.
The variety is so extensive that some are not known outside the country, and there are even those that are consumed only in certain regions.
As for drinks, coffee has a special place in the hearts of Colombians. They are great lovers of this drink and its quality is excellent, being a product highly valued by major international brands.
Exploring Colombian Music
Music occupies a central place in the life of Colombians and is very present in their day to day. His popular music, influenced by indigenous, Hispanic and black rhythms, is one of the richest in the region and has led to recognized rhythms, such as bambuco, cumbia and vallenato. In recent years several Colombian interpreters such as Shakira and Juanes have achieved great international prestige.
Colombia has also been the birthplace of great figures of literature. The maximum exponent is the Nobel Prize winner Gabriel García Márquez, who gave the world magnificent works and was a key figure of magical realism, a literary movement of the mid-twentieth century widespread in Latin America. Other illustrious Colombian authors are Eduardo Caballero Calderón, Manuel Mejía Vallejo and Álvaro Mutis.
Colombia was also the first American country in which an Academy of the Spanish Language was opened. It was in 1871.In painting, artists like Alejandro Obregón, David Manzur and Fernando Botero stand out, the latter well known for his paintings and sculptures of human figures with exalted volumes.
If you want to read more information about the Colombian culture and traditions, we recommend you visit the tourism website of Colombia.